So those were but the French ... I think the French Revolution in 1789
It depends on what you mean by 'human rights constitution'.
& 24v Chr. Was limited the arbitrary administration of justice in ancient Athens.
In the Old Testament are, in contrast to the Greek democracy, already women, foreigners, prisoners of war (!) And even Slaven (!!!) special protection. Even the commandment 'Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself' is already formulated in AT.
Then again nothing happened long. 1215 came the Magna Carta and 1525, the 12 items. 1776 followed by the United States Declaration of Independence and until 26 August 1789, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in France was adopted. 1948 follows the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the UN General Assembly.