Hi first :)
I have a technical lecture in professional English to prepare about social development in London, unfortunately, I find very little information, would be really great if someone knows the part which could help me on the subject, or if you yourself have information.
Thank you and best regards! :)
The best answer
Due to its geopolitical position key London continues to be the largest financial and banking center of the world, with more than 300 000 employees. Conducive for this is also a confidence inspiring political climate. Sooner than elsewhere, the City lost its residential function, the train to the suburbs (suburbanization) was the result. Inner city revitalization as especially spectacular in the Docklands will also serve to make the site attractive London as a service center. Problems London has not least not to be overlooked by immigration from Commonwealth countries, an increasing ghettoization is socially and ethnically. Since the Thatcher government in 1986 the Greater London Council dissolved, has no uniform London city government with a common Mayor more. Red.
What is all here focused on a few square kilometers
London is almost 2000 years old city with a very checkered history, which has political and spatial constants for centuries. There are only very few Roman and medieval traces barely. The London of today is determined primarily by buildings and buildings after the great fire of 1666th
London is unquestionably the most economically important center in Europe, as a node in the network of the global economic and financial services and as a very attractive and innovative city. On a few square kilometers focus in this global city management, control and monitoring functions of the government and large UK companies and the global economy outstanding features. After the balance sheet total and the number of foreign banks London is the largest banking and financial center of the earth with about 500 foreign banks, in 1995 over 40 000 people employed (Fig.1). For many banks and insurance companies, commodity and metal stock market, auction houses such as Sotheby's and Christie's and broker the international transactions are more important than the national businesses. Many of these companies and institutions will have the main focus abroad. London is the largest marketplace for foreign exchange (30 percent world market share) and to New York and Tokyo's third largest trading venue for stocks. 1991 about 300 000 people in banking, insurance and other financial services were active, almost two fifths of UK banks and about one-fifth of all here in insurance and other services workers (Corperation of London 1995, pp 2-3).
Sooner than elsewhere lost downtown on population
Mid-90s lived in Greater London, ie in Outer London and in central London with 33 districts and an area of 1580 square kilometers, more than 6 million, in the South East region (Fig. 2) is about 17 million people. Earlier than in other cities, the city lost population. In 1700 lived in the then and now densely populated city, one only 2.5 km large municipality (1 in Fig. 3), more than 200 000 people, today the City has almost no residential function. Most of the currently about 5,000 residents living in the multifunctional Barbican Center (apartments, cultural facilities, services). Since the beginning of the century takes in Inner London, the population aged, since the 50s in Outer London (Fig. 3). 1991 lived in Inner London only about half as many people as the beginning of the century (4.53 million). Unlike the core city (Greater London) take in the surrounding countryside, in the Outer Metropolitan Area and in Outer Southeast, population and jobs in research and development, industry, trade and services, including back-office activities to continue. One reason for the strong and persistent suburbanization is the onset already in Victorian structural change with an increase in office work and office space.
A geopolitical key position
Explain can be the paramount importance of London primarily through international functions and cultural significance as well as the attractiveness of the location for foreign investors and visitors. Aided by the geopolitical situation and the situation in a small densely populated country has London more international functions as New York and Tokyo, also because contacts with two centers in one working day are possible. It begins in London, before it ends in Tokyo, and is not yet finished when it begins in New York.
No other banking and financial center has as London such a long and continuous significance. London was already in pre-industrial times an important commercial and financial center, the stock exchange was founded in the 16th century. Colonies, industrialization, globalization and deregulation eventually founded and secured the global economic position. At the beginning of the 19th century 80 per cent of British imports and 70 percent of exports went on the London